100 Smart Cities and Its Importance

On 25th June’15 PM Narendra Modi approved 100 Smart city Project. The vision was announced by Union finance minister Arun Jaitley in first Union Budget of NDA government.

Modi said in the speech, “Cities in the past were built on riverbanks,” but now “They are built along highways. But in the future, they will be built on the base of availability of optical fiber networks and next-generation infrastructure.”

The Union cabinet has cleared the mission with the budget of Rs. 4 lakh crore.

In 100 Smart city project as the name itself clears 100 smart cities will be built. Based on population and area each state has been allocated a fixed number of smart cities. Highly populated Uttar pradesh will get 13 smart cities, Tamil nadu will get 12 smart cities. Maharashtra will get 10, while Karnataka and Gujarat will get 6 each.

West Bengal and Rajasthan has been allocated 4 smart cities; Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab there each and Odisha, Haryana, Telangana and Chhattisgarh will get 2 smart cities each.

Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Jharkhand, Assam, Himachal, Goa, Arunachal and Chandigarh, along with National Capital New Delhi will get one smart city each with outlays of Rs. 48,000 crore.

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is an attempt to transform the urban infrastructure which is burdened with ever-growing population. Rs. 50,000 crore  has been earmarked for AMRUT project. Most of the funding will likely come from private developers and from abroad.
Mr Naidu said the main objective of the twin projects is to change the landscape by addressing the issue of infrastructure gap in urban areas so that cities become more liveable, besides enhancing the business and investment climate for the benefit of the poor.

Smart Cities project will focus to improve the quality of urban life by providing a clean and sustainable environment with 24 hour water and power supply. Sanitation and solid waste management, , affordable housing for poor, urban mobility and public transportation and robust IT connectivity.

AMRUT will focus on providing the basic infrastructure services such as water supply, sewerage, storm water drains, transport and development of green spaces and parks with special provision for meeting the needs of children.

There could be several benefits after the implimentation of these projects.

Migration from rural areas to urban areas has put a great burden on the existing infrastructure in cities. There was an urgent need for development of rural infrastructure as population has increased many times in cities. With this step the migration will decrease.

Decentralisation of industries will increase. So the decision making power will spread to the lower level. It diversifies the activities and improves motivation. Also provides the opportunity to learn and explore.

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